What is it like to visit Hanoi in Vietnam?

Backpacker’s Guide to Hà Nội, Viet Nam

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Red River Delta, cradle of Vietnam’s culture and host to the nation’s current and erstwhile capitals, weaves magic. Sheer magic. Abhijeet Deshpande shares this backpacker’s Guide to Hà Nội Viet Nam.

Hà Nội’s allure can hold you back for weeks together, as it had us. While there’s lots to do in this busy city itself, it is also a base to explore northern Viet Nam. You may want to read stories from the hills of Sa Pa and from the junk boats of Ha Long Bay. However, if you are constrained with time, consider a minimalist, say a weekend, tour of this formidable capital of a formidable nation. Consider walking the Hoàn Kiếm District of Hà Nội and visiting the nearby Tràng An Landscape – a World Heritage Site. Consider the essentials.

What are must-visit places when in Hanoi?

Hoàn Kiếm Lake, Hanoi

Viet Nam has handed over a defeat to the technologically advanced American army. They have also conclusively defeated the French – their once colonial power. While these Indochina wars form its contemporary history, fewer outside the country know that in the 13th century Viet Nam had also defeated the mighty Mongols!

Trần Hưng Đạo is that supreme commander who, after briefly losing Hà Nội to the Mongols not only recaptured it but, dealt a body blow so severe, that it scared the living daylights out of the invincible Khans. The Mongols, just as centuries later the Allied powers, picked up their lesson – never bring a fight to Viet Nam’s jungles. If you do, you die.

Trần Hưng Đạo is accorded the status of a God in Viet Nam, with many temples dedicated to him. When in Hà Nội, The Temple of Jade Mountain or Ngoc Son Temple at the Hoàn Kiếm Lake is your go-to place to pay your tributes. At the northern end, use the red wooden bridge (known as Thê Húc) to get here. While the lake itself has its own legend about a giant golden Turtle God, the landmark tower in the midst commemorating it remains inaccessible. Hoàn Kiếm Lake is central to Ha Noi’s public life.

What are must see places in Hanoi, Vietnam?
Red Bridge on Hoàn Kiếm Lake, Hanoi

In the mornings, it attracts joggers and groups of Tai Chi practitioners. Come dusk, when the periphery is well-lit and dons a festive look with food kiosks and vendors lined up, the city’s young are known to hangout here. The picturesque lake lends its name to the surrounding commercial district of Hà Nội’s downtown.

Old Quarter, Hanoi

Howsoever cliché it may read, this is a must-walk area of Hà Nội. The Old Quarter lays bare all things Viet Nam – it’s culture, street food and drinks, and social life. This living legacy is also referred to as 36 Old Streets. Dating back more than a millennium, the Old Quarter resembles a classic guild of artisans, traders and retailers. Most of the narrow lanes sport a niche, a sort of theme. One street specializes in selling silver, another in sweets and confectioneries, and so on. For instance, there was this ‘paper street’ with many shops selling lamps and other paper crafts.

What is the Old Quarter of Hanoi like?
Paper Lanterns, Old Quarters, Hanoi

An essentials-only trip must include a walking tour of Hà Nội’s popular weekend night market in the Old Quarter. The market starts at 7 pm and goes on till midnight.

Hà Nội’s Old Quarter is a window to lifestyle practices too. Smoking thuốc lào or Lao Tobacco is one such practice in Viet Nam. You are likely to observe people holding a peculiar water-filled long bamboo pipes to their lips with smoke billowing from its ends. Local legends have it that thuốc lào helps in digestion and it is usually inhaled after meals with a beverage of your choice – beer, black coffee, or green tea. It is said that this relatively inexpensive thuốc lào is about ten times stronger than a normal cigarette and a single puff can cause dizziness. So, even if you are a habitual smoker, beware.

What is the Old Town of Hanoi like?
Lao Tobacco Pipe

Thăng Long Water Puppet Theater, Hanoi

Immerse into the Red River Delta rural lifestyle of an era gone by. If you have watched the 2004 award-winning Vietnamese drama titled ‘The Buffalo Boy’, you’d recall the disruptive role of rains that flood this region. Life would come to a virtual standstill during the wet season. Though the movie doesn’t talk about it, one of the favorite past times for people, when rice paddies went under water, was to engage in puppetry.

This millennium-old community tradition of making wooden puppets and story-telling is kept alive at the Thăng Long Water Puppet Theatre near the northern end of the Hoàn Kiếm Lake (Thăng Long is the former name of Hà Nội.). After a full day of walking the Old Quarter, it is a good idea to rest your feet here and watch the splendid artistry and enjoy the stories narrated with floating puppets in a waist-deep pool set up as stage. Water puppetry depicts the land’s culture, its national heroes, as well as history.

What are the things to do in Hanoi, Vietnam?
Water Puppets, Hanoi

What are nearby places to visit when in Hanoi?

Đinh Tiên Hoàng Temple, Ninh Binh

Viet Nam ended an almost 1000-years old Chinese domination in the 10th century and began consolidation of various factions. Today, a temple stands dedicated to its first emperor Đinh Tiên Hoàng in this ancient capital of Hoa Lư – a good place to start your Day 2.

One of the popular folklores about the emperor revolves around his early adolescence hobby of enacting battle scenes while riding a buffalo. For this peculiarity, he is endearingly referred to as ‘The Buffalo Boy’. Chances are that you will come across colorfully dressed buffalo riders (see header image), offering photo-ops.

What are the must visit places in Ninh Binh near Hanoi?
Ancient Temple Compound, Trang An

Tam Cốc, Tràng An

Within the Tràng An Scenic Landscape Complex, a World Heritage Site, Tam Cốc is yet another marvel. Fondly referred to as ‘The Inland Ha Long Bay’, it is characterized by the winding Ngô Đồng River that cuts through lush-green rice paddies flanked by limestone karsts and surface-level caves.

What are the things to do in Ninh Binh near Hanoi?
Rowing inside Karsts Caves

There are times when slow travel gets slower. Rowing on the Ngô Đồng River is one such instance. The way women lazily kick the paddles to give you a tour of the area, time seems to slow down: slow rowing, chatting with fellow travelers crossing you in the other direction, negotiating with boat-vendors trying to sell you drinks or souvenirs, enjoying a gentle breeze on a clear day, clicking pictures, making memories.

What are the things to do in Trang An near Hanoi, Vietnam?
Effortless Rowing?

How to plan a backpacking trip to Hanoi, Vietnam?

Hanoi walking tours

Hoàn Kiếm district is a busy part of the capital. Perhaps one of the most intense. Be aware. The in-your-face traffic may offer a shock value to those not accustomed to narrow lanes, mixed modes of transport such as cars, rickshaws and scooters following intuitive rules, dodging everyone else including pedestrians. The lanes often have vehicles parked, making them even narrower.

What are the must visit places in Hanoi, Vietnam?
Hanoi Traffic!

Hence, when walking or crossing these streets, be prepared to negotiate with riders and / or simply make way as needed. If you are unsure of navigating such lanes by yourself, you may book walking tours. Though we explored the area at our own pace, if you are there for relatively a shorter time (say, a weekend), a guided tour may be good. If you left home in a hurry, you hostel’s travel desk should be able to help you arrange one. Scenes such as this resting rickshaw rider are rare.

What is the best way to explore Hanoi in Vietnam?
Slow Travel in Hanoi

What are some tips for shopping in Hanoi?

First and foremost, check prices before buying anything, including food. We ended up paying almost four times the usual price for a corn-on-the-cob. Once the vendor has processed an order (say, roasted your food), you cannot do much. Secondly, bargain! Knowing few Vietnamese language words and phrases can always be helpful to negotiate.

Where to go shopping in Hanoi, Vietnam?
Good morning, Vietnam!

Souvenirs shopping need not wait until the last minute. Vendors wearing the characteristic nón lá hat and a smile will make it easy for you. How about a tee?

What to eat and drink in Hanoi?

In Hoàn Kiếm District, food is never far – whether you emerge hungry from the water puppet theater with a sense of accomplishment for your first day, or simply want to binge. The street vendors would entice you with Bia (beer) and the many legendary Vietnamese delicacies. Take a seat, enjoy! Eat like a local – take to the low height stools. Tips? In general, go for popular joints and try fresh fruits from vendors such as this one.

What are must eat Vietnamese food and drinks in Hanoi?
Fresh Fruits Vendor, Hanoi

What about dog meat you ask? Well, it is available in specialty restaurants if you want to try. But if you come from a culture that frowns upon eating dogs, simply choose to ignore such outlets or menu-dishes that have the words Thịt chó (chó = dog, thịt = meat). Same goes for other popularly available meats such as beef (bò), pork (heo), or chicken (gà). More tips? Reserve your sermons. Respect local food habits.

Here are somethings we are delighted to recommend – Phở (noodle soup), Bánh mì (sandwiches), and Mì Xào, a savory crispy fried wheat noodle dish. All of these come with a choice of meat or seafood. Besides, every major city of Viet Nam sports a beer named after it. So, don’t forget to sip on Bia Ha Noi!

What are must try Vietnamese food and drinks in Hanoi?
Popular Vietnamese Pho (noodle soup)

Where to stay when backpacking Hanoi?

The Old Quarter has many hostels offering dormitories and private rooms with a basic breakfast of eggs, bread, and coffee or tea. Prices may start from USD 9-10 per person per night. To do this weekend-itinerary, we recommend you rent a bed in the midst of action. Chances are, you’ll love it!

How to get to and around Hanoi?

Hà Nội is the capital of Viet Nam. So, you may fly in and out of the city. We flew into Hà Nội and then booked tickets on the southbound Reunification Train. Many we met had flown into Ho Chi Minh City and then boarded the northbound to get here. The Hà Nội railway station is peculiar with some cabs dropping you on the platform in front of the train’s cabin. We preferred to walk 20-30 minutes from our Old Quarter hostel.

What is the best way to explore Vietnam?
Cabs on a Rail Platform

For a weekend in Hà Nội, it is best to book a tour service (from your hostel) to visit the World Heritage Site of Tràng An Scenic Landscape Complex, about two hours ride from Old Quarter.

Have you been to Hà Nội? How was your experience? We would love to hear from you.

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How to plan a trip to Hanoi in Vietnam?
Abhijeet Deshpande
Abhijeet Deshpande

Abhijeet Deshpande is an accidental nomad. Over time, the frequency and length of his travel has steadily risen. To keep up, his choices have been changing too—from planned holidays to spontaneous ones, from fixed schedules to flexible ones, and from working full-time assignments to freelancing.

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